Syria FlagSyria

Patience Is The Key To Relief.



Population: 17,951,639 (2014), 22,457,336 (2011)
Land Area: 185,180 sq km
Natural Resources: Petroleum, phosphates, chrome, manganese, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydro power
Capital: Damascus
Political System: Republic
State Leader: Bashar al-Assad (July 17th 2000)
Head of Government: Wael al-Halqi (August 9th 2012)
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Aramaic, Circassian, French
Currency: Syrian Pound (SYP)
Major Religions: Sunni Muslim 74%, Other Muslim 16%, Christian 10%
Major Ethnicities: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and Other 9.7%
Life Expectancy: 68.41 years (2014), 75.14 years (2013)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 64.7 billion (2011)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 107.6 billion (2011)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 5,100 (2011)
GDP Growth Rate: NA
GDP Structure: Agriculture 16.5%, Industry 22.8%, Services 60.7% (2012)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 17%, Industry 16%, Services 67% (2008)
Industries: Petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, car assembly
Agriculture Products: Wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Human Development Index: 0.473 (166th)(2014), 0.648 (116th)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 1.888 billion (2004)
Unemployment Rate: 18% (2012)

MilitarySyria Map

Army Size: 307 600 (2008)
Budget: 5.9% of GDP (2005)

Current Situation


Syria is located in the Middle East. Syria is bordered by Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. Syria's economy is based mostly on agriculture, petroleum and tourism. Oil production has decreased over the years and it is believed that Syria will stop being an oil exporter and will in turn become an oil importer. When this occurs government revenues will be badly hit. Syria needs to attract major foreign investments in order to increase its growth rate and lower its unemployment rate. Investments in fields like natural gas would be attractive, since Syria has large reserves of this commodity.

(2013) Civil war erupted in 2011 following massive protets and continues to ravage the country today with no clear winner in sight it is expected to drag on.

(2014) The Civil war in Syria rages on with no end in sight, however 2014 saw the emergence of the Islamic State which has captured large portions of Syria's territory and has drawn the United States into the conflict, although the United States do not support Bashar al-Assad's regime.

Thoughts & Comments



CIA World Factbook: Syria
Wikipedia: Syria

Updated on: December 28th, 2014