Peru FlagPeru

We Are Free, May We Always Be So.



Population: 30,147,935 (2014), 29,849,303 (2013)
Land Area: 1,285,220 sq km
Natural Resources: Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphates, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Capital: Lima
Political System: Constitutional Republic
State Leader: Ollanta Humala (July 28th 2011)
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Amazonian languages
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Major Religions: Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, Other Christian 0.7%, Other 0.6%, Unspecified or none 16.3%
Major Ethnicities: Amerindian 45%, Mestizo 37%, Caucasian 15%, African, Japanese, Chinese and other 3%
Life Expectancy: 73.28 years (2014), 72.98 years (2013)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 210.3 billion (2013), 199 billion (2012)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 344 billion (2013), 332 billion (2012)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 11,100 (2013), 10,900 (2012)
GDP Growth Rate: 5.1% (2013), 6.3% (2012)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 6.2%, Industry 37.5%, Services 56.3% (2013)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 25.8%, Industry 17.4%, Services 56.8% (2011)
Industries: Mining and refining of minerals, steel, metal fabrication, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing
Agriculture Products: Asparagus, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish, guinea pigs
Human Development Index: 0.737 (82nd)(2013), 0.741 (77th)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 1.169 billion (2004)
Unemployment Rate: 3.6% (2013), 3.9% (2012)

MilitaryPeru Map

Army Size: 80 000 (2004)
Budget: 1.5% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Peru is located in South America. Peru is bordered by Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador. Peru's economy is growing steadily thanks to economic stability and a new free trade agreement with the United States. The main export sectors are agriculture and mining.

(2014) Peru's economy continued to grow at a steady rate in 2013, and this is expected to have carried over in 2014 as well.

Thoughts & Comments



CIA World Factbook: Peru
Wikipedia: Peru

Updated on: November 23rd, 2014