Niger FlagNiger

Fraternity, Work, Progress



Population: 17,466,172 (2014), 16,899,327 (2013)
Land Area: 1,267,000 sq km
Natural Resources: Uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum
Capital: Niamey
Political System: Federal Republic
State Leader: Mahamadou Issoufou (April 7th 2011)
Head of Government: Brigi Rafini (April 7th 2011)
Languages: French, Hausa, Djerma
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine Franc (XOF)
Major Religions: Muslim 80%, Other 20%
Major Ethnicities: Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sourai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Pehl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, Other 1.2%
Life Expectancy: 54.74 years (2014), 54.34 years (2013)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 7.304 billion (2013), 6.575 billion (2012)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 13.98 billion (2013), 13.34 billion (2012)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 800 (2013), 800 (2012)
GDP Growth Rate: 6.2% (2013), 11.2% (2012)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 35.2%, Industry 14.2%, Services 50.6% (2013)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 90%, Industry 6%, Services 4% (1995)
Industries: Uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Agriculture Products: Cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava, rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Human Development Index: 0.337 (187th)(2014), 0.304 (186th)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 24 million (1999)
Unemployment Rate: NA

MilitaryNiger Map

Army Size: 5 300 (2004)
Budget: 1.3% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Niger is located in Western Africa. Niger is bordered by Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali and Nigeria. Niger's main export is Uranium, although agriculture employs 90% of the population, most of which is subsistence farming and is completely dependant on rainfall. Niger does have many natural resources but lacks any investments to exploit all of this potential and thus remains one of the poorest countries in the world in GDP per capita terms.

(2014) Niger's economy continues to grow at a high rate of growth, however Niger remains one of the poorest countries in the world. The Government of Niger is making good efforts to attract foreign investments and improve the quality of life for its citizens.

Thoughts & Comments



CIA World Factbook: Niger
Wikipedia: Niger

Updated on: November 5th, 2014