Haiti FlagHaiti

Unity Makes Strength.



Population: 9,996,731 (2014), 9,893,934 (2013)
Land Area: 27,750 sq km
Natural Resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower
Capital: Port-Au-Prince
Political System: Republic
State Leader: Michel Martelly (May 14th 2011)
Head of Government: Laurent Lamothe (May 16th 2012)
Languages: French, Creole
Currency: Gourde (HTG)
Major Religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16%, None 1%, Other 3%
Major Ethnicities: African 95%, Mulatto and Caucasian 5%
Life Expectancy: 63.18 years (2014), 62.85 years (2013)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 8.287 billion (2013), 7.902 billion (2012)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 13.42 billion (2013), 13.15 billion (2012)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 1,300 (2013), 1,300 (2012)
GDP Growth Rate: 3.4% (2013), 2.8% (2012)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 24.1%, Industry 19.9%, Services 56% (2013)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 38.1%, Industry 11.5%, Services 50.4% (2010)
Industries: Sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly based on imported parts
Agriculture Products: Coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum; wood
Human Development Index: 0.471 (168th)(2014), 0.456 (161st)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 54 million (2001)
Unemployment Rate: 40.6% (2010)

MilitaryHaiti Map

Army Size: NA
Budget: 0.4% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Haiti is located in the Caribbean's. Haiti is bordered by the Dominican Republic. Haiti is the least developed country in the Americas. Approximately 80% of the population lives in poverty. Agriculture is the biggest employer, however most of these activities are subsistence farming. Haiti also depends largely on foreign aid which amounts to 30-40% of its total annual government budget. Haiti was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake in January 2010, the quake destroyed much of its fragile infrastructure and crippled the economy, as well as taking a heavy death toll.

(2014) Haiti's economy has yet to fully recover from the 2010 earthquakes yet progress has been made. Foreign invesments are increasing especially in the north of the country and the tourism industry is also seeing some large investments which should help Haiti going forward.

Thoughts & Comments



CIA World Factbook: Haiti
Wikipedia: Haiti

Updated on: September 13th, 2014