Ghana FlagGhana

Freedom And Justice.



Population: 25,758,108 (2014), 25,199,603 (2013)
Land Area: 239,460 sq km
Natural Resources: Gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Capital: Accra
Political System: Constitutional Democracy
State Leader: John Dramani Mahama (July 24th 2012)
Languages: Asante, Ewe, Fante, Boron, Dagomba, Dangme, Dagarte, Akyem, Ga, Akuapem
Currency: Ghana Cedi (GHC)
Major Religions: Christian 68.8%, Muslim 15.9%, Traditional 8.5%, Other 0.7%, None 6.1%
Major Ethnicities: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, Other Tribes 1.4%, Other 7.8%
Life Expectancy: 65.75 years (2014), 65.32 years (2013)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 45.55 billion (2013), 38.94 billion (2012)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 90.41 billion (2013), 83.74 billion (2012)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 3,500 (2013), 3,400 (2012)
GDP Growth Rate: 7.9% (2013), 7% (2012)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 21.5%, Industry 28.7%, Services 49.8% (2013)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 56%, Industry 15%, Services 29% (2005)
Industries: Mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Agriculture Products: Cocoa, rice, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Human Development Index: 0.573 (138th)(2014), 0.558 (135th)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 495 million (2004)
Unemployment Rate: 11% (2000)

MilitaryGhana Map

Army Size: 7 000 (2004)
Budget: 0.8% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Ghana is located in West Africa. Ghana is bordered by Burkina Faso, Cote D'ivoire and Togo. Ghana's economy benefits from several natural resources notably gold, diamonds and timber, and recently petroleum. Ghana's GDP per capita is higher than the African average and it enjoys a high growth rate, however it does rely on foreign donations and aid.

(2014) Ghana's economy continues to grow at a high growth rate above 7%. Ghana's goal is to become a developed country by 2020, Ghana also has several major projects on the way to expand existing industries and to create new ones notably in science and technology.

Thoughts & Comments



CIA World Factbook: Ghana
Wikipedia: Ghana

Updated on: September 6th, 2014