Eritrea FlagEritrea

If You Are Patient, You'll Get Butter.



Population: 6,380,803 (2014), 6,233,682 (2013)
Land Area: 121,320 sq km
Natural Resources: Gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, fish
Capital: Asmara
Political System: Transitional Government
State Leader: Isaias Afworki (June 8th 1993)
Languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Cushitic languages
Currency: Nakfa (ERN)
Major Religions: Muslim, Coptic, Christian
Major Ethnicities: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho 3%, Other 3%
Life Expectancy: 63.51 years (2014), 63.19 years (2013)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 3.438 billion (2013), 3.092 billion (2012)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 4.717 billion (2013), 4.468 billion (2012)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 1,200 (2013), 800 (2012)
GDP Growth Rate: 7% (2013), 7% (2012)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 11.7%, Industry 26.9%, Services 61.4% (2013)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 80%, Industry and Services 20% (2004)
Industries: Food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt, cement
Agriculture Products: Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal; livestock, goats; fish
Human Development Index: 0.381 (182nd)(2014), 0.351 (181st)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 73 million (2004)
Unemployment Rate: NA

MilitaryEritria Map

Army Size: 201 750 (2004)
Budget: 6.3% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Eritrea is located in Northeast Africa. Eritrea is bordered by Djibouti, Ethiopia and Sudan. Eritrea is involved in conflicts with its neighbours over disputed territory, one of which resulted in the Eritrean-Ethiopian War, which ravaged the country and hurt the economy severely. These border disputes remain causes of tension and could erupt into open conflict at any time.

(2014) Eritrea's economy continues to grow steadily however its population remains deeply impoverished.

Thoughts & Comments



CIA World Factbook: Eritrea
Wikipedia: Eritrea

Updated on: August 23rd, 2014