Bhutan FlagBhutan

Land Of Mountains, Land On The River



Population: 733,643 (2014), 725,296 (2013)
Land Area: 47,000 sq km
Natural Resources: Timber, hydro power, gypsum, calcium carbonate
Capital: Thimphu
Political System: Constitutional Monarchy
State Leader: Tshering Tobgay (July 30th 2013)
Languages: Dzongkha, Tibetan dialects, Nepalese Dialects
Currency: Ngultrum (BTN)
Major Religions: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Hinduism 25%
Major Ethnicities: Bhote 50%, Nepalese 35%, Indigenous 15%
Life Expectancy: 68.98 years (2014), 68.44 years (2013)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 2.133 billion (2013), 1.214 billion (2012)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 5.235 billion (2013), 4.813 billion (2012)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 7,000 (2013), 6,500 (2012)
GDP Growth Rate: 5.8% (2013), 9.9% (2012)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 13.8%, Industry 41.2%, Services 45% (2013)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 62%, Industry 19%, Services 19% (2012)
Industries: Cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
Agriculture Products: Rice, corn, root crops, citrus, food grains; dairy products, eggs
Human Development Index: 0.584 (136th)(2014), 0.538 (140th)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 13 million (2004)
Unemployment Rate: 2.1% (2013)

MilitaryBhutan Map

Army Size: NA
Budget: 1% of GDP (2005)

Current Situation


Bhutan is located in south Asia, Bhutan is bordered by India and China. Bhutan is one of the most isolated and least developed countries in the world. Bhutan held its first democratic elections in 2008. New hydroprojects are providing most of the growth as Bhutan now exports energy to India, otherwise investments are limited due to government policies protecting the environment.

Thoughts & Comments



CIA World Factbook: Bhutan
Wikipedia: Bhutan

Updated on: July 20th, 2014